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Relaxation, stress and healthYou are here: Home> Articles> Stress and health
This text is an excerpt from my course "Relaxation techniques and stress management"
STRESS AND YOUR HEALTH
Stress has a very profound influence on the organism.
It is the main cause of many diseases.
THE INFLUENCE OF STRESS ON THE BODYStress has a very profound influence on the organism. For example, in case of the cardiovascular system, it leads to:
1 An increase in arterial blood pressure
2 Vasodilation (an increase in diameter of blood vessels)
Prolonged presence of these consequences can lead to development of atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction.
The influence of stress on the digestive system
2 It stimulates the vagus nerve, which decreases the stomach peristalsis and increases the stomach acid secretion.
3 Stress also leads to corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) secretion, which increases ACTH release. This in turn stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids. These hormones decrease secretion of prostaglandins, which depletes the protective mucous which lines the stomach.
4 In case of the small intestine, stressful factors decrease its peristalsis. The amount of enzymes released is smaller and the water content decreases. This can subsequently lead to constipation.
5 The large intestine is also negatively affected. Stress increases its peristalsis, which can lead to diarrhoea.
The vital element of protection from stress is the ability to cope with it adequately. This involves various relaxation techniques. They will be discussed further.
VARIOUS CONSEQUENCES OF STRESSChronic stress can cause symptoms such as:
2 Pain in the back and neck,
3 Increasing in arterial blood pressure,
4 Limb tremor,
6 Dry throat,
7 Insomnia and abnormal sleep patterns,
8 Stomach and duodenal ulcers,
11 Irritable bowel syndrome (IRS),
13 Susceptibility to infections (cold, flu),
14 Dermatological disorders (boils, mycosis).
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Stress catalyses the process of disease and accelerates ageing through increasing the body energy consumption.
It influences the hunger and satiety centres in the hypothalamus, which leads to irregular consumption of meals, excessive eating and eating fast. This in turn indirectly can cause obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycaemia, myocardial infarction and stroke.
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Additionally, under the influence of stress, skin becomes less radiant and elastic. Wrinkles, shadows under the eyes, breakouts and eczemas become exacerbated. Generally speaking, the immunity and mood of a stressed person are lowered.
THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF STRESSStress causes a number of psychological symptoms. These are for example:
1 Inability to concentrate,
4 Increased susceptibility to addictions,
5 Difficulties with breathing,
6 Depression and neuroses,
7 Hostile attitude towards other people,
8 Decreased sexual satisfaction,
9 Suicidal thoughts,
10 Relationship difficulties
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Other behavioural and psychological symptoms of stress are inter alia:
20 Decreased self-esteem,
21 A sense of lack of self-control,
22 Inability to concentrate,
23 Obsessive thoughts,
24 Increased daydreaming,
25 Passive and aggressive behaviour,
26 Nervous tics,
27 Clamping teeth,
28 Excessive drive to consume alcohol,
29 Increased caffeine intake,
30 Biting nasil,
31 Lack of sexual driver.
In conclusion, stress causes many illnesses and emotional problems. Therefore, it is important that you apply relaxation techniques every day.
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